Poverty, Child Prostitution and Child Marriages. Human Security Perspective. A Case of Mabvuku High Density Suburb (2013-2016)
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The concept of human security came into play as a ploy to fight all non-military threats that cause misery in human life. The concept of human security underpinned this study. This study was conducted in Mabvuku ward 19 and 21 to explore the dynamics of child prostitution, poverty and child marriages. This study also intend to examine the socio-economic effects of poverty and their influence in promoting child prostitution and child marriages and to explore the challenges faced by young girls in child prostitution and child marriages and how they threaten human security. This study utilised human needs theory to highlight how the need to satisfy basic survival needs shape the behaviour of individuals. Qualitative methodology was utilised in conducting this study. Questionnaires were used to collect information from 23 participants selected using snowball sampling. To complement these questionnaires the researcher purposefully selected and interviewed 4 key informants. This study revealed that poverty, child prostitution and child marriages are correlated and many societies with high prevalence of child prostitution and child marriages have significant levels of poverty. The researcher recommends the government to strengthen the rights of the girl child as a way to fight child marriages and child prostitution. The researcher recommend education and training of young girls engaged in child marriages and child prostitution to initiate income generating projects, to break the cycle of poverty.