The Impact of Climate Change on Food Security: The Case of Bluegrass Community in Mashonaland West Province
Tshuma, Patrea F.
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The purpose of the study was to understand the impact of climate change on food security in Bluegrass Community, Mashonaland West Province. The research methodology used in this research is qualitative research methodology and case study research design. The sampling techniques that were employed are simple random sampling and purposive sampling. The total number of respondents that helped in collecting the data is 25 including the key informants and the general informants. The study therefore, found that the Bluegrass community seems to be lacking adequate knowledge about climate change as well as food insecurity therefore there is need to teach the community about climate change and food insecurity. Based on the findings, the community relies on food preservation, selling vegetables and the use of indigenous knowledge systems as an adaptation strategy and have at times been successful but have also faced challenges. The government has also provided the community with aid that has helped the people cope with climate change. The conclusions are that climate change has greatly affected the food security of the community and the community has taken measures to adapt and mitigate the challenge and has received help from the government. The recommendations state that the community needs to be taught about climate change and to be offered technological support as well as early warning systems of the weather so that they are able to manage the climatic stress. The government should also distribute drought resistant crops to help the farmers in coping with climate change.