Challenges Faced by Former Liberation Political Parties in Southern Africa. A Case of ZANU PF
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The study sought to examine the challenges facing Former Liberation Political Parties since independence. The study paid much attention to Zimbabwe ruling liberation political party, ZANU PF. This research used 20 respondents to gather information required. These consisted of 4 respondents from ZANU PF staff, 3 war veterans, 1 representative from the Hebert Chitepo Ideological School, 5 academics and political analysts, 7 political party representatives (ZANU PF and MDC supporters). The study used data collection tools such as interviews, documentary reviews (to present information on how Zimbabweans and others see Liberation Political Parties), and observations. Using these methods was to be able to lessen the negative effects or the weaknesses of each technique selected. For example, observations and document analysis were a bit elusive, while the key informant interviews revealed a greater understanding through acquiring in-depth data. The study demonstrated that people have different views on the challenges facing FLPPs and if whether their liberation legacy could be preserved. The best explained this through the different concepts by the likes of Frantz Fanon, Paulo Friere, Kwame Nkrumah, Mao Tse Tung, Christopher Clapham, Amilcar Cabral among others. Their arguments regarded how they perceived the liberation struggle and the future after liberation comparing it to the Former Liberation Political Parties whose challenges are failure to deliver the liberation promises to the masses due to incumbency, factionalism, corruption, patronage politics, tired nationalism and tribalism. This study recommends that liberation political parties should work towards achieving the liberation promises. The liberation struggle should have greater meaning to the upcoming generation, not that it becomes a memory later will woe but celebrate the role that the African Nationalists played in bring self-determination, politically and economically. Finally, it can be recommended that further research be undertaken in order to unpack various opinions on how the liberation legacy can be preserved.
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