The Effectiveness of Urban Agriculture in Addressing Food Security: A Case of a Suburb, Harare: Zimbabwe
MetadataShow full item record
The study is an analysis of the effectiveness of urban agriculture in addressing food security. The researcher decided to carry out the study on the aforesaid topic because of the food shortage which is a serious predicament in the area of study which coupled by many problems such as unemployment, high rate of crimes such as burglary by a number of people thinking that they will be able to access food and better standard living. The study employed the theory of Basic Human Needs by John Burton as a theoretical framework and various literature reviews on how much food produced by urban agriculture, income generating, improving the standard living of people and challenges faced by urban farmers. This study used qualitative research methodology and a case study design. A sample of forty five households of a suburb engaging in urban agriculture was used using a questionnaire. Additional information came from purposively selected key informants who were the officials of Council, District and AGRITEX. Frequency distribution, graphs were used for data presentation and analysis. The study revealed that urban agriculture is effective because it managed to produce more food which is enough for most household consumption throughout the year. In addition it is effective because it generate money and increases in various entrepreneurial activities and creation of jobs. There are some challenges that hindering urban agriculture such as poor policies, crop theft, lack of inputs, eviction by council, inconvenience by land barons and shortage of water for backyard farming The researcher made recommendations to the central government, city council and NGOs to fully support urban agriculture through legalise urban agriculture, development of a comprehensive policy framework as well as improve market linkages. Another recommendation was made for further study on effects of urban agriculture on human security.