Impact of Climate Change on Sustainable Livelihoods. A Case Study of Chipinge. Ward 10
The reality of climate change is now a well-accepted reality and there is emerging evidence that climate change poses a massive threat for development especially in poor developing countries. An understanding of the emerging trends of climate change and its effects in local ecologies is an important starting point in addressing the negative effects of climate change. The need for tough climate change adaptation strategies appears to be much high among many African rural communities that depend on rain-fed farming. The adaptation strategies are needed to improve the resilience of the farming system and ensure food security. The study therefore, examines the impact of climate change on sustainable livelihoods. A case of Ward 10, Chipinge, Zimbabwe. The objective of the study was to understand how communities’ livelihoods have been affected by climate change and strategies they are implementing to sustain their livelihoods. The findings of the study were that the effects of climate change on livelihoods in the study area are alarming also climate change impacts more on the poor and marginalized people or communities. Climate change has transformed the physical geography of the area leading to a disappearance of flora and fauna and other natural habitat that constituted the livelihoods of the local people. Declining precipitation and increasing temperatures are making farming increasingly more difficult, and thus aggravating food insecurity in the area. Urgent climate change programming steps must be taken to prevent a livelihoods calamity in poor and marginalized communities.