Factors affecting municipal (residential) solid waste management in Bindura Town, Zimbabwe
Chamunorwa, Samantha N.
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The research explored factors affecting municipal solid waste management in Bindura Town. The research objectives of the study were as follows; to determine the composition of municipal solid waste generated in Bindura town, evaluating the existent municipal solid waste management system in Bindura town and to determine the challenges associated with the current management practices in Bindura town. Data collection was done through use of questionnaires and interviews and a sample size of 122 respondents was used and based on the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) random sampling procedure was applied for collecting 12 households representatives from each residential suburb (high, low and medium density) as a representative of municipal solid waste streams generated in Bindura Town. A descriptive research design was used. The households produce mainly biodegradable which constitutes more than 50% of the waste produced on a weekly by volume. Majority of the respondents indicated that refuse is collected twice a week across all suburbs Bindura Town Municipality dispose its solid waste by open dumping and there is no maintenance of the disposal site. Bindura Town Council provides refuse bins to the residence and in the event that they fail to collect the refuse majority of the residence resort to illegal dumping. Data was presented using tables, pie charts and bar graphs that were generated by making use of SPSS version 21.0. Challenges associated with the current waste management practices at Bindura Town Council include financial constraints, shortage of equipment, and shortage of labor and unavailability of appropriate technology.