An Assessment of the Impact of the Drought Relief Program to Household Food Security in Rugare Harare from the Year 2016-2017
Hwema, Kudakwashe M.
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This research project is an investigation on the impacts of the Drought Relief Program to household food security from the year 2016-2017. Food insecurity is the problem in Rugare and this was exacerbated by economic challenges bedevilling the country and the El Nino induced drought that hit the region during the 2015/16 rainfall and agricultural season resulting in one of the worst droughts ever experienced by the country. During that period an urban livelihood assessment was conducted by ZimVac and it showed how the urbanites were very vulnerable to food insecurity. As response to the vulnerability a consortium of development agencies led and chaired by the Government launched the Drought Relief Program. It is against this background that this research was done to assess the impacts of the Drought Relief Program to household food security in Rugare. This research outlined the major causes of food insecurity as well as the urban copying strategies in the face of adversity. Data were collected through interviews and questionnaires with females being the major respondents since they were the ones who participated mostly in the program than their male counterparts. Research findings pointed out that household food security status levels improved considerably evidenced by the improved nutritional intake and lessened burden on household expenditure. Generally the beneficiaries noted that the program was satisfactory despite a myriad of socio-economic challenges adversely impacting on the expected progress. From the research findings the researcher concluded that there is need for institutional capacity to strengthen resilience, mitigation and adapting strategies in the face of an ever changing economy. The government should initiate sustainable policies as well as strengthen social protection in the urban areas.