The Effectiveness of subsistence farming on food security: A case study of two wards in a district
The purpose of the study was to analyse the effectiveness of subsistence farming on food security. The study was guided by the human needs theory by John Burton which alludes that human beings are supposed to be food secure in order for them not to engage in violent and aggressive behaviour. Qualitative methodology was employed. Case study was used as the research design. Snowball and purposive sampling techniques were used to get a sample from the respondents. Eleven respondents were interviewed. Key informant and general interviews were used for data collection. The study’s findings revealed that subsistence farming is effective on one hand and not effective on the other. This is shown by the fact that it improves the living standards of some people and can sustain some farmers and their families. On the other hand the study shows that subsistence farming is not effective by the fact that there are challenges being faced by farmers and for some farmers it does not sustain them and does not improve their living standards. Several recommendations were noted and these include the fact that people must be educated on the dangers of illegal gold panning on subsistence farming, farmers should be aware of the weather forecast so that they know the type of crops to grow and the use of domestic inputs due to the country’s economic hardships. A suggestion for further researcher topic was proposed and the topic is the effects of climate change on subsistence farming.