Donor agencies and the provision of food aid in Gwanda district Ntalale Village, ward 11 from 2012 to 2016
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The study focused on the impact and effectiveness of donor agencies in the provision of food aid paying particular attention to Gwanda District ward 11. Gwanda was a perfect fit for this research as it is one of the rural communities in Matabeleland South which is heavily affected by drought hence food insecurity usually hits hard as the conditions there are not conducive for agricultural productivity. An assessment was required to find out whether food aid has played a positive role on the livelihoods of the inhabitants of Gwanda District or otherwise. Burton’s Human Needs Theory constituted the theoretical framework of this research. Qualitative research was explored in this research as questionnaires and relative key informants interviews were used for data collection. It was then duly noted that indeed donor agencies have played a prominent role in administering food aid for those in need as they are filling in gaps the government is failing to achieve as food aid has significantly minimised loss of lives, improved health issues and an improvement in rural livelihoods. However it was noted that food aid undermines households in their ability to self-sustain for themselves hence creating laziness and too much dependency. Therefore it is the view of this research that the government and donor agencies are to work cordially in order to substantially achieve food security and development.