An examination of rural livelihoods strategies to improve food security. A case study of Mazowe Rural District, Ward 15 & 16
MetadataShow full item record
This study sought to explore the livelihood strategies and food security situation in Mashonaland Central, in Mazowe district in particular by taking a randomly selected sample of 215 households from ward 15 and 16. This thesis aims to examine different livelihoods strategies as an important tool to improve food security in Zimbabwe in general and Mazowe rural district in particular Mixed research approach was employed and triangulation was vital method of converging concurrently collected data through survey, interviews and FGDs. Though majority of the households were confined to agricultural livelihood, the widespread of non-farm activities was observed. More than half of the households undertake non-farm livelihood activities such as building, welding and crafting as a supplementary or as a secondary means of living. The distribution of livelihood strategies was not even across the three agro-ecological conditions selected. Highland areas were more likely to increase agriculture yield than the lowland which involves more non-farming livelihoods activities and depend on forest products. The result of multinomial regression showed that land holding, livestock, educational attainment, markets access, gender, and household composition determine the choice of livelihood strategies. It also revealed the reasons of diversification among households. The study found that the majority of households reported their experience of food access on food insecurity. Respondents who engaged in agricultural and non-farming activities were more food secure than those confined to agriculture. Sample households with multiple livelihood strategies had diverse food entitlements to support their sustainable consumption. This study concluded that they should be a call for inclusive policies and strategies that advocate rural non-farm activities which supplement agriculture in pursuit of ensuring household food security in rural areas.
- Department of Geography