Factors affecting the adoption of e-procurement in state universities in Zimbabwe: a case of Chinhoyi University of Technology during the period 2010 to 2015
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The study sought to investigate factors affecting the adoption of e-procurement in state universities in Zimbabwe. The objectives of the study were to identify the factors affecting the adoption of e-procurement and to examine the actual benefits that can be achieved through the adoption of e-procurement at Chinhoyi University of Technology during the period 2010 to 2015. The data was collected from Chinhoyi University of Technology and findings were used to determine the factors affecting the adoption of e-procurement in state universities. The population for this study comprise of 65 people drawn from different level of the organization. The study used a sample size of 46 respondents which comprised of Chinhoyi University employees who were directly involved in procurement. Stratified sampling technique was used to select the sampling units. The study used primary and secondary data. Questionnaires and interview guides were used for data collection. Data collected was analyzed used Statistical Package for Social Scientist (SPSS) and objectively used to draw necessary conclusions. The study revealed that lack of management support, lack of internet access, resistance to change from employees, lack of procurement human capital and high implementation costs were the major factors affecting the adoption of eprocurement at Chinhoyi University of Technology. The study revealed that the advantages of adopting e-procurement include reducing costs, reducing transactional costs, creating a transparent market where products and terms are readily available. The study recommended that the procurement function at Chinhoyi University should operate freely from political influence, to allocate sufficient budget in order to adopt e-procurement and that there should be a clear legal framework in place to govern the adoption of eprocurement in universities.