Drought relief strategies as a way towards food security. A case study of Chivi district
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Droughts occur in nearly all climates and is regarded as tormentors of human kind since it carries severe consequences affecting their security. The study aimed at analysing and evaluating the notion of drought and drought relief strategies that are employed in Chivi district, bringing out the importance of drought relief strategies as a way towards food security, the effects of drought and its causes. Human security concept however guided the research as its conceptual framework as it tries to explain how a human being should be living concerning the issue of security. It is vibrant also in trying to explain human development and consideration of people living in freedom, dignity, free from poverty and suffering. Droughts have serious consequences for people’s livelihood, affecting everything from the agro sector and water to transportation and health affecting the notion of human security. The research however, employs the descriptive research design and the qualitative research paradigm. These however spells out the techniques that the researcher uses to develop accurate objectives and interpretive information. Purposive sampling and simple random sampling techniques were used to gather information about the study from the study area. Key informants and inhabitants of Chivi district were used as the target population of the study with interviews and questionnaires being the data collection instruments. Data analysis and presentation was done qualitatively and thematically in form of graphs, charts and tabula of narratives. In conclusion, from the major findings, it was observed that drought relief strategies are of paramount importance in drought situations as they have been sources of food. Droughts also have proven to be a complex threat to the notion of food security and human security at large. It was also observed that the political economy of drought posse as a challenge to the victims of drought especially the poor as it worsen the situation. Recommendations were also made to the government and civil societies to continue assisting in order to help secure food and to also speedy their response since droughts bear harsh consequences to human existence in relation to human security.