An Investigation into the adaptation strategies to climate change impact on food security : The case of Makore Ward 1 Gokwe North district
Charewa, Arnold T.
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This studyinvestigates into the adaptation strategies to climate change impact on food security in Makore Ward 1, Gokwe North District. Both quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used to address the objectives which is to investigate the impacts of climate change on food security, analyse the adaptations strategies of the community and assess the challenges faced in addressing food insecurity. In this study 20 household heads, 8 key informants were selected to participate. Findings revealed that climate change has a significant impact on food security through drought, pests and diseases and poor grazing land. These climate change aspects affect the various means of livelihood mainly farming and livestock production in the community. Thus, small scale irrigation, intercropping, crop rotation, complimentary agriculture and cross breeding are amongst the several adaptation strategies adopted by the residents of Makore. This study concludes that the most adopted strategies are use of drought resistant crops and non-farm activities. Moreover, the research highlights the greatest challenge faced in the attempt to ensure food security both on household and community level as lack of access to resources. The main recommendation of the study is that government and/or nongovernmental interventions must be established in order to build community capacity to reduce the impact of climate change on food security.
- Department of Geography