An assessment of the government intervention strategies in ensuring food security in Zvimba District, ward 7
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Food security is one of the pertinent causes of concern issues across the globe. There is a dire need to curb the continuous problem of food insecurity which is mainly affecting the people living in rural areas. Resultantly, there has been a relentless effort by governments, Non-Governmental Organizations, institutions and individuals to intervene and cushion people’s food security. This study henceforth was designed to assess the government intervention strategies in ensuring food security in Zvimba District, Ward 7 through establishing the government intervention strategies. The study also, assessed the effectiveness of each and every government intervention strategy noted as well as the challenges emanating from relying on government assistances as a food security measure. Primary data was obtained from the questionnaire survey, key informant interviews, focus group discussions and observations. Secondary data sources included the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee reports, Food and Agriculture Organisation reports, World Food Programme reports and reports from the government line ministries. The results of the study revealed that the government intervention strategies that were employed in Ward 7 Zvimba District included the Land Reform and Resettlement Programme (LRRP), Agriculture Input Credit Facility, Agricultural Mechanization Programme, Operation Maguta, Government Input Scheme for vulnerable households and the Drought Relief Food aid Programme. The study also revealed that more than half of the people in Ward 7 Zvimba District acknowledged that the Government Input Scheme for vulnerable households and the Drought relief food Aid programmes contributed more than half to 100% improvement in their household food security and hence these government intervention strategies were effective in ensuring food security. However the LRRP, Agriculture Input Credit Facility, Agricultural Mechanization Programme and Operation Maguta contributed less than half and in some cases less than a quarter in the improvement of people’s household food security in the study area. The study also noted that the challenges that emanated on relying on government assistance as a food security measure included creation of dependency syndrome, corruption and political interference. This implies that government intervention strategies towards ensuring food security should be designed in a way that they ensure accountability during implementation at the same time enhancing community self-sustenance of livelihoods activities.
- Department of Geography