The impact of resettlement programme on household food security in Mutwa Ward 20, Mt Darwin
The purpose of the study was to assess the impact of Land Resettlement Program (LRP) on household food security in Mutwa Ward 20, Mt Darwin District, Mashonaland Central, Zimbabwe. The assessment was carried out using survey questionnaires, key informant interviews, focus group discussions and personal observations to solicit information from the resettled households about their food security status. A total of 112 respondents were purposively used in this study. The data was analysed using SPSS Version 16.0, frequency tables were used to present the results. The study results revealed that after resettlement 82 (73.2%) of the total respondents had adequate food, but their contribution towards the national Strategic Grain Reserves (SGR) was very little, thus affecting national food security. However, 28 (25%) of the beneficiaries had relatively adequate food. Also, 84 (75%) of the beneficiaries had their annual income improved to more than US$3500, increased asset ownership and increased opportunity for livelihood diversification as a result of LRP. Challenges and shocks identified in this study include; lack of market, poor and distant educational and health services, unsafe and unclean drinking and cooking water, lack of financial capital and erratic rainfall patterns. The study recommended that government and other stakeholders should support the LRP financially and in kind, for instance by way of making input affordable and input provision, market provision, affordable loans and lastly promotion of irrigation agriculture.
- Department of Geography