An assessment of food aid as a strategy in alleviating hunger in Mutare district ward 29
Poverty is responsible for the prevalence of hunger in most rural areas of Zimbabwe. This has allowed food aid to become one of the major protection interventions provided to enhance strength of these people to recover from hunger. This study was therefore designed to assess food aid as a strategy in alleviating hunger in ward 29 of Mutare District through establishing the nature of food aid, assessing the benefits of food aid and the challenges of relying on food aid as a hunger alleviating strategy. The focus was to understand the livelihood strategies adopted to overcome hunger and to establish the role played by food aid in alleviating hunger. The study used both primary and secondary data from the area under study, the donor community and the government line ministries to establish the extent to which food aid has managed to alleviate hunger. The study results showed that food aid plays a significant role in improving food security status of households. It was noted that 50% of the people in ward 29 who are dependent on food aid highlighted that food aid has totally enhanced their food security status. Three meals per day and improved diets were regained since people are now using the little money they have to purchase other types of food since cereal is now available. Social improvements in form of increased school attendance were also noted because of food aid. However, it was also noted that although food aid is supposed to provide relief for the poor by increasing the supply of food, food aid is also creating negative dependents of promoting laziness, reducing prices and farmers‟ incomes and ultimately discouraging domestic production through undermining of livelihoods thereby failing to curb hunger.
- Department of Geography