Impacts of shifting from food crop production to cash crop production on household food security in ward 21 of Makoni District
Kuwana, Blessing Munyaradzi.
MetadataShow full item record
The persistence of food insecurity due increased tobacco production resulted in the conduction of this research. The main aim of the study was to investigate the impacts of shifting from food crop production to cash crop production on household food security in Ward 21 of Makoni District from 2009 to 2015. The objectives of the study was to identify the type of crops grown in Ward 21 of Makoni District, to determine food security levels of the households, to determine the reasons for shifting from food crop production to cash crop production and to examine the effects of shifting from food crop production to cash crop production on household food security. A case study research design was used and it enabled the study to collect data through triangulation. Multiple methods of collecting data among them questionnaire and key informant interview were used. A sample of 40 respondents from 4 villages in the ward and 3 key informants were involved in the research. The study used the Rural Household Food Security Model as the conceptual framework that guided the research. From the research it was found type of crops grown is influenced by land size, age and sex of the farmers. Research findings revealed that the majority of farmers shifted from food crop production to cash crop production due to; erratic of rainfall, need for income, good market for tobacco and the provision of inputs under tobacco contract scheme. The effects of shifting from food crop to cash crop production were both positive and negative. The positive effects that were realized include; income generation, provision of inputs and increased food supply and the negative effects encountered include, reduced food supply and reduced nutrition. The study recommends that government and other private partners should help rural farmers by providing them with loans so that they can be able to buy inputs required for food crop production. In addition, the responsible authorities should improve markets for both food crops and cash crops so as to enable farmers to realize income which is necessary for achieving household food security.
- Department of Geography