|dc.description.abstract||Land use planning has over time progressed as a policy makers’ directive thereby making it a residents’ taboo. The study explored the contribution of land use in ensuring availability of food in urban areas as an important component of food security. The knowledge gap of the study hinges on the conventional methods of ensuring the social upkeep of people in the availability of food in the urban setup. However the new age of technology has introduced better methods which can forecast, predict as well as know the history of an area, hence the reason for the study. The study employed primary data collection, through questionnaire distribution and conducting interviews. A sample of thirty questionnaires (50%) were distributed from a population of sixty eighty households by the Rasoft sample size calculator (CI = 90% and α = 0.1).Three interviews were conducted from the targeted three institutions that were purposively sampled for the study. Secondary data included remote sensing Landsat 5TM and 8OLI and TIRS captured on the 4th of March 2008,23rd of March 2009 and the 13th of April 2014 respectively. Ground truthing was performed for the study area in order to identify areas which were not distinct owing to the sharing the same spectral signature. The supervised image classification applied the maximum likelihood algorithm and it produced three land use maps for three periods mentioned above for Ward 37 of Kuwadzana. The results show high classification accuracy (overall accuracy = 74%; κ = 0.7) which was a strong representation of the features on the ground and the dominance of urban agriculture as a land use. The primary data revealed that hundred percent of the respondents live under the poverty datum line (PDL) of USD500 with most (60%) of them earning less than USD100. Low income has made urban dwellers seek for food supplements in the practice of urban agriculture in order to make food available for consumption whenever they need it. Other driving forces to urban agriculture which were pointed out by the results were a need to earn extra disposable income from the selling of their produce and livestock as a way to alleviate income challenges (33%).In view of these results, there is a need to incorporate Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a tool for urban agriculture land use planning so as to help formulation of clear urban agriculture policy that would enable urban food availability.
Key words; Land use, Food availability, Urban Agriculture, GIS||en_US