The Climate change adaptation strategies in rural communities of Zimbabwe. A case of Gutsa ward six (6) in Muzarabani North
Masarakufa, Richmore C.
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The study sought to look into the climate change adaptation strategies in Gutsa ward 6 of Muzarabani district in Mashonaland Central. The negative impacts of climate change have remained an outstanding hindrance in the survival of the majority particularly the rural populace in Zimbabwe rural communities who heavily depend on rain fed agriculture to sustain their livelihoods. A case study research design was used and a sample size of 43 study respondents was utilised to generalise findings from the study. The study utilised simple random and convenience sampling techniques to determine the sample size. Among the respondents were the residents of Gutsa ward 6 in Muzarabani district, operating local Non-Governmental Organisations as well as members from the AREX and Social services departments. The researcher used interviews and focus group discussions to obtain data from respondents and the findings were presented in the form of tables and graphs. From the findings the researcher concluded that climate change has posed a number of challenges to human livelihoods in Gutsa ward as it had culminated in food insecurity and loss of livestock. The researcher also found out that people of Gutsa ward in Muzarabani district have not remained passive victims to the negative impacts of climate change but have responded with great commitment to these shocks. They have managed to come up with a number of climate change adaptation strategies and among them; the growing of drought resistant crops and livestock production. The study also established that most respondents lacked the resources such as capital as well as productive assets which were the means to successful adaptation. The researcher therefore recommended the need for livelihood diversification through growing of drought resistant crops as well as, intensification of livestock production in all communities which are susceptible to the negative impacts of climate change. The researcher also recommended further research to focus on the role of the government in climate change adaptation in Gutsa ward 6 in Muzarabani north.