An investigation into the impacts of HIV/AIDS on food security and rural livelihoods. a case of Mukumbura ward 2, Mt Darwin district
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HIV/AIDS has become a major concern globally as it affects different facets of a country’s economy as well as household economics. It still remains an agenda and a problem in most developing countries including Zimbabwe. The objectives of this study were, therefore, to examine the effects of HIV/AIDS on food security and livelihoods, to assess efforts made in alleviating the adverse impacts of HIV/AIDS on food security and livelihoods and to identify challenges associated with efforts to minimise effects of HIV/AIDS on food security and livelihoods. The researcher used both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies with data collection methods which included administration of questionnaires, focus group discussions, observations and interviews. The study revealed that 72% of the community was vulnerable to food insecurity. Also the results indicated that people are using some mitigation strategies which include food aid, food for work, remittances and sale of livestock. These strategies are held back by challenges in the Ward which include poor service delivery by NGOs and Government departments and the involvement of poverty. The study recommended the address of labour shortage faced by households, developing or promoting existing labour saving technologies and production will be very useful, government and non government agencies to incorporate HIV/AIDS issues into their core business and agricultural extension should target households who have lost knowledge/skills through death of an adult.
- Department of Geography