An investigation into food security levels in ward 17 of Gwanda district
Sibanda, Blantina Chiedza.
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The study focused on food security levels in ward 17 of Gwanda District. To better understand the levels of food security the researcher used case study which combined both quantitative and qualitative research approaches. Questionnaire, interviews, observation and document analysis were used for data gathering purposes in the field. The target population consisted of community members, key informants from different government departments and non-governmental departments. Simple random sampling was used to select the respondents from the different households in the ward. The sample consisted of 120 respondents from different households, and 8 from government and non-governmental organisations. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 was used for data analysis. Data presentation and interpretation was done using tables, pie charts and bar graphs. Findings revealed that ward 17 of Gwanda District has high levels of food insecurity due to a number of factors which include low rainfall, illiteracy, poor food distribution, high birth rates as well as culture and traditions. The community has employed a number of strategies to enhance food security these include mining, migration, garden plots, and traditional methods such as gathering of wild fruits and worms such as mopane worms, cross boarder trading, irrigation schemes and other diversified income generating activities such as welding, carpentry. The government through its various policies and strategies have played a role in enhancing food security. Non-governmental organisations through their various projects and food aid have also played a role in enhancing food security in the area. The study recommended that the community should adopt measures to eradicate any kind of discriminatory practices, especially with Respect to gender, in order to achieve adequate levels of nutrition within the household. Enhance capacity building of rural farming communities. Governments, civil society, academia and the private sector must all work together toward solutions to help smallholder farmers fulfil their expanding role in feeding the hungry and fighting food malnutrition.
- Department of Geography