Assessing the impact of organic farming as a method of improving food security: a case study of ward 10 Dzvete Goromonzi
Mafukidze, Shelter F.
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The aim of this dissertation is to explore issues to do with agriculture in an attempt to solve food shortages currently faced by the country, Zimbabwe. The main objective of the study was to assess the contribution of organic agriculture to the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Dzvete, Ward 10. The study was done using the qualitative research design. Interview guides, questionnaire schedules, focused group discussion guides and non-participant observations research instruments were used to gather data. The data collected was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 21. Analysis and presentation was also done using Microsoft Excel. To bring out the research findings; figures, graphs, charts and tables were constructed to show relationships. Results indicated that many farmers in organic farming are not only growing crops to enhance food security, but also to feed their families and sale to increase their incomes. Farmers adopted organic farming primarily to increase their incomes and reduce the cost of inputs. These farmers joined different organic organizations to improve the knowledge they had on organic farming. From this move, income increased, stronger family and community ties were created and they had their lives in control. Furthermore, it was seen that organic farming and methods are ideally suited for many marginalized smallholder farmers in rural Zimbabwe since it builds on and stimulates the formation of human, financial, social natural and physical capital and the recent rise in food prices illustrates the importance of making agricultural production less energy and external input independent.. The following recommendations were made in this research; organic farming should be used as a strategy for community development and a sustainable food system for improved food security, it helps farmers to act against land degradation and to ensure that land is fertile for the future generation; Agricultural Policy should be revisited and implemented. Also there is need for active participation of the government in promoting organic agriculture.
- Department of Geography