The impact of remittances on household food security in Zimbabwe
This paper presents data on the remittances sent by migrants to their families back home it shows how remittances are affecting food security in Zimbabwe. Using logistic regression this research assesses the connection between food security and remittances in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe like many other African countries has been facing food deficiencies. Natural disasters like drought which the country has been facing for the past two decades and how climate changes have contributed to food shortages in Zimbabwe. The attainment of household food security is a major concern facing the world at large. Since Zimbabwe is primarily based on agriculture and depends much on the primary industry. This study attempts to estimate the food security status in Zimbabwe. It looks at how some other factors like gender, how gender heterogeneity affects remittances on food security using secondary data drawn from cross sectional survey. In analyzing the data, a logit model was used.The maximum likelihood estimation was used in estimating the model. Model and variables are significant. The results of the regression analysis suggest that remittances, gender, marital status, household size, education level and province influence household food security. Households that receive remittances have less chances of being food insecure than those not receiving. Household headed by females are found to be vulnerable to food insecurity, the probability of food security increase if household is headed by male. Gender affected food security negatively. Larger households experience less food security since fewer resources are consumed by many people Household. Households headed by widows have higher chances of being food insecure than those headed by a couple. These results are based on household survey using cross sectional data.
- Department of Economics