A Study on the Role of Community Home Based Care in the Fight Against Early Marriages: In Dambakurima Ward 3, Muzarabani District
Chikosha, Tinotenda K.
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The study examined early child marriages mitigation strategies in Dambakurima ward 3 in Muzarabani District of Mashonaland Central. This study was motivated by the noted increase of Child marriage reported cases at St Albert’s Community Home Based Care (CHBC) where the researcher previously worked. The role of CHBC in fight early child marriages, the causes of child marriages and challenges encountered in fight against child marriages in Dambakurima ward 3 constituted the objectives of this study. The study employed the case study research design while using qualitative research methodology was done to solicit data from respondents. Data was implored through focus group discussions, key informant interviews and questionnaires from a sample of 23 respondents who are into Child Marriage Programming and 1 key informants from Community Home Based Care,focus group discussion constituting of 10 caregivers and 10 young people and 2 Village Health Workers. One sampling technique namely purposive sampling techniques for selecting respondents in Dambakurima ward 3. Findings were presented in the form of tables, pie charts and graphs while analysis of findings was done through thematic content analysis. The study findings reveal that there are mitigation strategies in Dambakurima Ward namely vocational trainings, educate the community on early child marriages, launches, focus group discussions, media, they encourage the married children to indulge on income generating projects for sustainability, awareness campaigns and distributing food hamper to the need. The research also found out that there are some challenges that are being encountered during the implementation of the programs for example during the rainy season people tend to concentrate much on their farming activities, the issue of poor road networks tend to minimize the role of multiple stakeholders in fight against early marriages in Dambakurima ward 3, some people tend to resist from the programs, religion practices for example Johan masowe and marange. The study therefore concluded that ignorance has contributed to perpetration of early child marriages. The researcher therefore recommended inclusion of young people in programs implemented by different stakeholders, make use of bottom- up approach when educating the community, to be patient and persist with their work, stakeholders to do handover job to government officials when they exit. The researcher also recommended further research to search on the effectiveness of the role CHBC in fight against child marriage.